The local school system may provide busing for students who live some distance from the school. If you move to a location some distance from your local school, check to see if busing is available.
Public schools offering grades 7 to 9 or grades 7 and 8 are often referred to as middle schools or junior high schools. Schools with grades 9 to 12 or 10 to 12 are often called high schools or secondary schools. Some may be called technical schools, vocational schools, or composite schools depending on the types of courses and programs that they offer. In Quebec, CEGEPs provide two or three years of schooling after Grade 11. Learn more
Some schools in Canada are separate from the public school and operate with a particular affiliation or association. For example, there may be a local public high school as well as a local Catholic high school. Parents can contact the local school board to explore the different kinds of schools in their neighbourhood. Learn more
Education in Canada is ultimately the responsibility of the provincial and territorial governments. Schools and school boards are operated by the local municipalities with funding provided by the provincial or territorial government. Local school board or school district offices coordinate the school activities in the local community.
The school system provides most textbooks and some supplies used in public schools.There are some exceptions to this. Students usually need to provide their own pencils, pens, erasers, paper, and rulers.
Teachers in the public schools require training and certification. Principals and vice-principals who are responsible for running individual schools must have additional training and qualifications. Schools across Canada vary quite significantly in terms of the number of students attending.There may be some differences in the courses and programs offered.
Be aware that schools encourage parents to become involved in their child’s school. Most have Parent Councils and organize parent meetings. There are often opportunities to volunteer for sports, school trips, and so forth. Contact your child’s school if you are interested in volunteering or if you would like to meet with your child’s teacher.
Parents and Guardians
Schools schedule Parent Nights or Meet the Teacher Nights to provide parents and guardians with a chance to meet with teachers and discuss the progress of their child in school. Parents are highly encouraged to attend these meetings, which are often arranged at the time when report cards are given out. Report cards are usually given out two to three times a year and provide information to the parent/guardian on their child’s progress in school. Other meeting times can be arranged by calling the school.
Canadians are encouraged to respect religious differences. Schools will aim to recognize, and be sensitive to, religious holidays and customs.Talk with your school’s principal if you have questions or concerns.
School boards or districts or divisions have elected members who help run them.These individuals are elected at the time of municipal elections. Anyone who is interested in running can arrange to be nominated and added to the list of candidates. Those elected usually serve a term of two years. This is another way you can get involved in education in Canada.