The border between Canada and the United States is the longest undefended border in the world. It stretches over 8,800 kms.There are many border crossings.There are limits to the value of goods that can be taken across the border. *
The Inuit, which means “the people” in the Inuktitut language, live in small, scattered communities across the Arctic. Their knowledge of the land, sea and wildlife enabled them to adapt to one of the harshest environments on earth.About 65% of the Aboriginal people are First Nations, while 30% are Métis and 4% Inuit.*
The name “Canada” comes from the Huron-Iroquois word “kanata” meaning village or settlement, and the name was used by the early explorer Jacques Cartier.The word Canada started appearing on maps in the 1550s.*
The Acadians are the descendants of French colonists who began settling in the Maritime provinces in 1604. During the war between Britain and France, 1755–1763, more than two-thirds of the Acadians were deported from their homeland. Despite this “Great Upheaval,” the Acadians survived and maintained their unique identity.*
The beaver is an official symbol of Canada as is the maple leaf, which is featured on the Canadian flag. Maple syrup and butter tarts are two foods often seen as distinctly Canadian.*
The fur trade led many early explorers across Canada and encouraged early settlement. Canoes were used to navigate rivers and to open up trade routes.This expanded settlement further west across Canada from the Atlantic shores.