When they came to Canada, many early French fur traders and some English fur traders married First Nations women. Their descendants are called the Métis people. Most Métis live in Canada’s prairie provinces and speak their own dialect—Michif. *
The legal drinking age is 18 in the provinces of Alberta, Quebec, and Manitoba. It is 19 elsewhere in Canada. Children under these ages may not be able to enter certain restaurants/pubs/ bars where alcohol is sold.
The first four provinces to join Confederation as “Canada” in 1867 were Ontario, Quebec, Nova Scotia, and New Brunswick. Canada’s first Prime Minister was Sir John A. MacDonald. Manitoba joined in 1870, BC in 1871, PEI in 1873, NWT in 1880, Yukon in 1898, Saskatchewan and Alberta in 1905, Newfoundland and Labrador in 1949 and Nunavut in 1999.
Canada has two official languages: English and French.There are many programs to help newcomers to Canada improve their English or French skills.The majority of French-speaking Canadians live in the province of Quebec. New Brunswick is the only officially bilingual province in Canada.*
Canada’s Pacific coast province is British Columbia. The Prairie provinces are Alberta, Saskatchewan, and Manitoba. Central Canada refers to Ontario and Quebec.The North means the three territories: the Yukon, the Northwest Territories, and Nunavut.“Maritimes” refers to the three provinces of New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, and Prince Edward Island. “Atlantic provinces” refers to those three plus Newfoundland and Labrador.*
Canada is a land of lakes, rivers, and streams.Approximately 20% of the world’s fresh water is located here.