According to Statistics Canada, in 2011 the average number of hours worked in a week, by those employed in Canada was 36.4 hours. On average, men spent more hours at work (39.3) than women (33.0).
There are a number of organizations in Canada that work to support and assist small and medium-sized businesses. These organizations can help business owners with advice and information. See pages 228 and 229 for a list of some of these business organizations. Learn more
When they came to Canada, many early French fur traders and some English fur traders married First Nations women. Their descendants are called the Métis people. Most Métis live in Canada’s prairie provinces and speak their own dialect—Michif. *
The legal drinking age is 18 in the provinces of Alberta, Quebec, and Manitoba. It is 19 elsewhere in Canada. Children under these ages may not be able to enter certain restaurants/pubs/ bars where alcohol is sold.
The first four provinces to join Confederation as “Canada” in 1867 were Ontario, Quebec, Nova Scotia, and New Brunswick. Canada’s first Prime Minister was Sir John A. MacDonald. Manitoba joined in 1870, BC in 1871, PEI in 1873, NWT in 1880, Yukon in 1898, Saskatchewan and Alberta in 1905, Newfoundland and Labrador in 1949 and Nunavut in 1999.
Canada has two official languages: English and French.There are many programs to help newcomers to Canada improve their English or French skills.The majority of French-speaking Canadians live in the province of Quebec. New Brunswick is the only officially bilingual province in Canada.*
Canada’s Pacific coast province is British Columbia. The Prairie provinces are Alberta, Saskatchewan, and Manitoba. Central Canada refers to Ontario and Quebec.The North means the three territories: the Yukon, the Northwest Territories, and Nunavut.“Maritimes” refers to the three provinces of New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, and Prince Edward Island. “Atlantic provinces” refers to those three plus Newfoundland and Labrador.*
Canada is a land of lakes, rivers, and streams.Approximately 20% of the world’s fresh water is located here.
More than 80% of Canada’s population live in towns and cities that are within 250 kilometres of the U.S. border.The U.S. borders Canada to the south.The United States is Canada’s largest trading partner.
“Quebecers” are the people of Québec. Most are descendents of 8,500 French settlers from the 1600s and 1700s and maintain a unique identity, culture and language. The House of Commons recognized in 2006 that Quebecois form a nation within a united Canada. One million English Quebecers form a vibrant part of the Québec fabric.*