In 2011, 3,633,447 people worked for governments in Canada and 427,069 worked for the federal government and 356,830 worked for provincial and territorial governments.
Some common business practices and customs would include: not swearing in business meetings, paying for a lunch or dinner if you extended the invitation, and ensuring there is no unpleasant body odor.
The name “Canada” comes from the Huron-Iroquois word “kanata” meaning village or settlement, and the name was used by the early explorer Jacques Cartier.The word Canada started appearing on maps in the 1550s.*
The Acadians are the descendants of French colonists who began settling in the Maritime provinces in 1604. During the war between Britain and France, 1755–1763, more than two-thirds of the Acadians were deported from their homeland. Despite this “Great Upheaval,” the Acadians survived and maintained their unique identity.*
The beaver is an official symbol of Canada as is the maple leaf, which is featured on the Canadian flag. Maple syrup and butter tarts are two foods often seen as distinctly Canadian.*
The fur trade led many early explorers across Canada and encouraged early settlement. Canoes were used to navigate rivers and to open up trade routes.This expanded settlement further west across Canada from the Atlantic shores.
Babies and small children must ride in properly installed “car seats” designed and approved to protect them.When buying a child’s car seat, make sure it is “approved.”
It is illegal in Canada to: • hit your spouse; • touch another person in a sexual way without the other person’s permission; • make unwanted sexual advances/ comments in the workplace.
Bargaining is less common in Canada than in many other countries. People do not usually bargain when they are shopping in stores. However, people often do bargain for the best price on larger items such as a house or a car.
Canada has a public health care system known as “medicare.” It provides medical insurance for health care services to all Canadian citizens and permanent residents.You must have a valid health card and number to get eligible health care costs covered. See page 224 for more information.