In 1758 there was a legislative assembly elected in Halifax, Nova Scotia. It was the first legislature to be elected by the people in British North America.
In 1776, when the southern colonies declared their independence from Great Britain (to form the United States) more than 40,000 “loyalists” fled north to Nova Scotia and Quebec.
In July of 1793 Alexander Mackenzie was the first explorer to travel west and reach the Pacific Ocean.
The Act of Union in 1841 united Upper Canada and Lower Canada into the Province of Canada.This was a result of Lord Durham’s recommendation after the rebellions in the two Canadas. He was also trying to reduce the influence of French language and culture..
The Reciprocity Treaty in 1854 helped to increase trade between the provinces and the United States by reducing or eliminating the duties on goods crossing the border.
The first Queen’s Plate horse race was run in June of 1860. It still runs to this day, and is the oldest continuously run horse race in the world.
The Charlottetown Conference—which ran from September 1–9, 1864—put Canada on the road to becoming a nation.Those who took part are known as the “Fathers of Confederation.”
The Quebec Conference in October 1864 put forth 72 resolutions that laid the foundation for the union of the provinces into the country of Canada.
The British North America Act in 1867 united the Province of Canada, Nova Scotia, and New Brunswick as the Dominion of Canada—and the country of Canada was born.
In the years following confederation in 1867, settlement spread west. As it did, the need for law enforcement arose.The Northwest Mounted Police were formed in 1873.This force would later become the Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP).