In 1997, the Confederation Bridge opened.The bridge connected Prince Edward Island to the mainland and allowed cars and trucks to drive onto and off of the island without having to travel by ferry.
The Reciprocity Treaty in 1854 helped to increase trade between the provinces and the United States by reducing or eliminating the duties on goods crossing the border.
In Halifax on December 6, 1917, a munitions ship exploded killing almost 2,000 and injuring about 9,000.
On April 1, 1959 the St. Lawrence Seaway was opened.With its opening, ocean ships were able to travel from Montreal, through the Great Lakes, to Lake Superior.
The first Queen’s Plate horse race was run in June of 1860. It still runs to this day, and is the oldest continuously run horse race in the world.
Many Canadians played a significant role in World War I in Europe. Of the 620,000 Canadians who served in the War, 67,000 were killed and 173,000 were wounded. [Source: The Longman Companion to the First World War (Colin Nicholson, Longman 2001, pg. 248)
On August 4, 1960 the Canadian Bill of Rights was passed.This Bill meant that the civil rights and freedoms of all Canadians had to be guaranteed and protected by the federal government.
The Charlottetown Conference—which ran from September 1–9, 1864—put Canada on the road to becoming a nation.Those who took part are known as the “Fathers of Confederation.”
On May 8, 1919, a U.S. Navy flying boat (NC-4) left Trepassey, Newfoundland and completed the first successful trans- Atlantic flight. It arrived in Lisbon, Portugal on May 27.
In 1967, Montreal hosted Expo ’67—a World’s Fair that was held in conjunction with Canada’s Centennial Year—its 100th birthday as a nation.