In 1993 Kim Campbell became Canada’s first female Prime Minister when she succeeded Brian Mulroney as leader of the Conservatives. However, she lost the next federal election to the Liberals.
In 1776, when the southern colonies declared their independence from Great Britain (to form the United States) more than 40,000 “loyalists” fled north to Nova Scotia and Quebec.
The first stone for Canada’s Parliament Buildings was laid on September 1, 1860. The Parliament Buildings were destroyed by fire in 1916 but the Library of Parliament was saved.
One Canadian Division and two Canadian Brigades were involved in the invasion of Normandy on June 6, 1944. This invasion began the movement toward victory over Hitler and the liberation of Europe.
On October 25 1993, Jean Chrétien won a majority victory for the Liberal Party. He would go on to win two other majority governments before being succeeded by Paul Martin Jr.
In July of 1793 Alexander Mackenzie was the first explorer to travel west and reach the Pacific Ocean.
Income tax was introduced as a temporary measure in 1917 to help cover the costs of World War I. Income tax remains in place to this day.
On April 4, 1949 Canada and eleven other countries signed the North Atlantic Treaty (NATO)—a step toward closer ties with the U.S. and more independence from Britain.
In 1994, the Free Trade Agreement between Canada and the United States was expanded to include Mexico.That agreement became known as NAFTA— the North American Free Trade Agreement.
The Act of Union in 1841 united Upper Canada and Lower Canada into the Province of Canada.This was a result of Lord Durham’s recommendation after the rebellions in the two Canadas. He was also trying to reduce the influence of French language and culture..