In July of 1793 Alexander Mackenzie was the first explorer to travel west and reach the Pacific Ocean.
Income tax was introduced as a temporary measure in 1917 to help cover the costs of World War I. Income tax remains in place to this day.
On April 4, 1949 Canada and eleven other countries signed the North Atlantic Treaty (NATO)—a step toward closer ties with the U.S. and more independence from Britain.
In 1994, the Free Trade Agreement between Canada and the United States was expanded to include Mexico.That agreement became known as NAFTA— the North American Free Trade Agreement.
The Act of Union in 1841 united Upper Canada and Lower Canada into the Province of Canada.This was a result of Lord Durham’s recommendation after the rebellions in the two Canadas. He was also trying to reduce the influence of French language and culture..
Canadians helped to win the Battle of Vimy Ridge (April 9–12 1917) and Passchendaele (November 6, 1917) as part of World War 1. April 9 is Vimy Day—a day when we remember the 3,578 Canadians killed and approximately 7,000 wounded.
In 1956, Canadian Lester B. Pearson and others at the United Nations organized steps to end the Suez Canal crisis. Pearson was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for his efforts.In 1956, Canadian Lester B. Pearson and others at the United Nations organized steps to end the Suez Canal crisis. Pearson was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for his efforts.
In 1997, the Confederation Bridge opened.The bridge connected Prince Edward Island to the mainland and allowed cars and trucks to drive onto and off of the island without having to travel by ferry.
The Reciprocity Treaty in 1854 helped to increase trade between the provinces and the United States by reducing or eliminating the duties on goods crossing the border.
In Halifax on December 6, 1917, a munitions ship exploded killing almost 2,000 and injuring about 9,000.