In 1994, the Free Trade Agreement between Canada and the United States was expanded to include Mexico.That agreement became known as NAFTA— the North American Free Trade Agreement.
On October 25 1993, Jean Chrétien won a majority victory for the Liberal Party. He would go on to win two other majority governments before being succeeded by Paul Martin Jr.
In 1993 Kim Campbell became Canada’s first female Prime Minister when she succeeded Brian Mulroney as leader of the Conservatives. However, she lost the next federal election to the Liberals.
In 1991 the Goods and Services Tax came into effect.This replaced a manufacturers’ tax with a consumer-based tax. It is known as the GST.
The Meech Lake Accord was an effort to bring Quebec into Canada’s Constitution. However, opposition, particularly in Newfoundland and Manitoba, led to its collapse in June of 1990.
On January 1, 1989 the Free Trade Agreement between Canada and the United States came into effect.This agreement significantly reduced or eliminated trade barriers between Canada and the U.S.
The Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms—in effect as of April 17, 1982 —guarantees all Canadians fundamental rights including democratic rights, mobility rights, legal rights, equality rights, and linguistic rights.
In 1983, Jeanne Sauvé was appointed as the first female Governor General in Canada.
In 1980, Canada’s Ambassador to Iran, Ken Taylor, became a hero by helping six Americans escape from Iran during the hostage crisis. Other hostages were held for 444 days.
There are people in Quebec who would like to establish a separate country. A Referendum was held in 1980 and 60% of Quebecers voted against negotiating sovereignty.