The Reciprocity Treaty in 1854 helped to increase trade between the provinces and the United States by reducing or eliminating the duties on goods crossing the border.
Many Canadians played a significant role in World War I in Europe. Of the 620,000 Canadians who served in the War, 67,000 were killed and 173,000 were wounded. [Source: The Longman Companion to the First World War (Colin Nicholson, Longman 2001, pg. 248)
On August 4, 1960 the Canadian Bill of Rights was passed.This Bill meant that the civil rights and freedoms of all Canadians had to be guaranteed and protected by the federal government.
The first Queen’s Plate horse race was run in June of 1860. It still runs to this day, and is the oldest continuously run horse race in the world.
On May 8, 1919, a U.S. Navy flying boat (NC-4) left Trepassey, Newfoundland and completed the first successful trans- Atlantic flight. It arrived in Lisbon, Portugal on May 27.
In 1967, Montreal hosted Expo ’67—a World’s Fair that was held in conjunction with Canada’s Centennial Year—its 100th birthday as a nation.
The Charlottetown Conference—which ran from September 1–9, 1864—put Canada on the road to becoming a nation.Those who took part are known as the “Fathers of Confederation.”
In May of 1920, a group of Canadian painters came together to exhibit their paintings.The painters, largely landscape artists, became known as the Group of Seven.Their works are prominent in Canada today.
In 1972, Canada played a historic hockey series against the Soviet Union. Canada won the eight game series in a dramatic comeback victory with a goal by Paul Henderson.
The Quebec Conference in October 1864 put forth 72 resolutions that laid the foundation for the union of the provinces into the country of Canada.