In August 1932, the Co-operative Commonwealth Federation (CCF) was founded as a political party. This democratic socialist party evolved to become the New Democratic Party in Canada.
The Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms—in effect as of April 17, 1982 —guarantees all Canadians fundamental rights including democratic rights, mobility rights, legal rights, equality rights, and linguistic rights.
Wilfred Laurier became Canada’s first French-Canadian Prime Minister when he led the Liberal Party to victory over the Conservatives on June 23, 1896.
The Bank of Canada was formed in 1934. It is responsible for monetary policy in Canada.The Bank can affect the money supply and interest rates and operates independently from the federal government.
On January 1, 1989 the Free Trade Agreement between Canada and the United States came into effect.This agreement significantly reduced or eliminated trade barriers between Canada and the U.S.
In 1896 a group of gold miners discovered gold in Bonanza Creek—a tributary of the Klondike River.This discovery led many people—about 100,000—north to try and find gold.This period is called the Gold Rush.
In 1939 Canada’s National Film Board was created.The Film Board exists to this day. It has produced a wide range of quality film productions and has won Academy Awards for its work.
The Meech Lake Accord was an effort to bring Quebec into Canada’s Constitution. However, opposition, particularly in Newfoundland and Manitoba, led to its collapse in June of 1990.
Canada first sent troops overseas in 1899 to fight in the Boer War in South Africa.s.
By declaring war on Germany on September 10, 1939, Canada joined Britain and France in the battle against Adolf Hitler and Nazi Germany.