In 1758 there was a legislative assembly elected in Halifax, Nova Scotia. It was the first legislature to be elected by the people in British North America.
In August of 1905 Roald Amundsen sailed across the north of Canada proving that there was a northwest passage connecting the Atlantic Ocean with the Pacific Ocean across the north of Canada.
On August 19, 1942, some 5,000 Canadian soldiers were among those who landed at Dieppe to test the strength of the German army. In one day, 900 were killed and almost 1900 taken prisoner.
In 1993 Kim Campbell became Canada’s first female Prime Minister when she succeeded Brian Mulroney as leader of the Conservatives. However, she lost the next federal election to the Liberals.
In 1776, when the southern colonies declared their independence from Great Britain (to form the United States) more than 40,000 “loyalists” fled north to Nova Scotia and Quebec.
The first stone for Canada’s Parliament Buildings was laid on September 1, 1860. The Parliament Buildings were destroyed by fire in 1916 but the Library of Parliament was saved.
One Canadian Division and two Canadian Brigades were involved in the invasion of Normandy on June 6, 1944. This invasion began the movement toward victory over Hitler and the liberation of Europe.
On October 25 1993, Jean Chrétien won a majority victory for the Liberal Party. He would go on to win two other majority governments before being succeeded by Paul Martin Jr.
In July of 1793 Alexander Mackenzie was the first explorer to travel west and reach the Pacific Ocean.
Income tax was introduced as a temporary measure in 1917 to help cover the costs of World War I. Income tax remains in place to this day.