The British North America Act in 1867 united the Province of Canada, Nova Scotia, and New Brunswick as the Dominion of Canada—and the country of Canada was born.
In December 1921,Agnes Macphail became the first woman to be elected as a member of Canada’s House of Parliament. She represented the Progressive Party.
There are people in Quebec who would like to establish a separate country. A Referendum was held in 1980 and 60% of Quebecers voted against negotiating sovereignty.
In the years following confederation in 1867, settlement spread west. As it did, the need for law enforcement arose.The Northwest Mounted Police were formed in 1873.This force would later become the Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP).
In 1922, Canadians Frederick Banting, Charles Best, J.J.R. MacLeod, and J. B. Collip were awarded a Nobel Prize for their discovery of insulin. Insulin helps those with diabetes manage their disease.
In 1980, Canada’s Ambassador to Iran, Ken Taylor, became a hero by helping six Americans escape from Iran during the hostage crisis. Other hostages were held for 444 days.
Alexander Graham Bell first demonstrated his invention—the telephone—in Canada in 1874.The first phone call was made in Boston in 1875—and the first long distance call was in Canada in 1876.
The Statute of Westminster was a key document in Canada’s history. It authorized the Balfour Report in 1931. The report granted autonomy and equality to Canada in its relationship with Great Britain.
The Canada Act of 1982 was passed by the British House of Commons on March 8, 1982 and adopted by the House of Lords on March 25.This Act ended British legislative jurisdiction over Canada.
Railways helped to link the different parts of Canada.The last spike of the railway running all across Canada was driven in Eagle Pass, British Columbia on November 7, 1885.