In 1997, the Confederation Bridge opened.The bridge connected Prince Edward Island to the mainland and allowed cars and trucks to drive onto and off of the island without having to travel by ferry.
In 1939 Canada’s National Film Board was created.The Film Board exists to this day. It has produced a wide range of quality film productions and has won Academy Awards for its work.
The Bank of Canada was formed in 1934. It is responsible for monetary policy in Canada.The Bank can affect the money supply and interest rates and operates independently from the federal government.
In August 1932, the Co-operative Commonwealth Federation (CCF) was founded as a political party. This democratic socialist party evolved to become the New Democratic Party in Canada.
In May 1932, Parliament established the publicly funded Canadian Radio Broadcasting Commission, which became the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation in 1936.The CBC is Canada’s public broadcaster to this day.
The Statute of Westminster was a key document in Canada’s history. It authorized the Balfour Report in 1931. The report granted autonomy and equality to Canada in its relationship with Great Britain.
In 1922, Canadians Frederick Banting, Charles Best, J.J.R. MacLeod, and J. B. Collip were awarded a Nobel Prize for their discovery of insulin. Insulin helps those with diabetes manage their disease.
In December 1921,Agnes Macphail became the first woman to be elected as a member of Canada’s House of Parliament. She represented the Progressive Party.
In May of 1920, a group of Canadian painters came together to exhibit their paintings.The painters, largely landscape artists, became known as the Group of Seven.Their works are prominent in Canada today.
On May 8, 1919, a U.S. Navy flying boat (NC-4) left Trepassey, Newfoundland and completed the first successful trans- Atlantic flight. It arrived in Lisbon, Portugal on May 27.